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1 - About

Distance is a numerical description of how far apart objects are.

Same as:

In most cases, “distance from A to B” is interchangeable with “distance between B and A”.


3 - Definition

3.1 - Physics

In physics or everyday usage, distance may refer to a physical length, or an estimation based on other criteria (e.g. “two counties over”).

3.2 - Mathematics

In mathematics, a distance function or metric is a generalization of the concept of physical distance. A metric is a function that behaves according to a specific set of rules, and is a concrete way of describing what it means for elements of some space to be “close to” or “far away from” each other.

See also Data Mining - Similarity

4 - Documentation / Reference