Git - Clone

1 - About

To create a repository, you can clone a project you’d like to contribute to

The command is “clone” and not “checkout” ( instead of getting just a working copy, Git receives a full copy of nearly all data that the server has.)

After a first clone of a repository, all files will be tracked and unmodified because they are just checked out and they haven’t been edited.

3 - Command

Clone an existing Git repository from another server.

git clone [option] [url] [directory]

We can also use the following protocol in place of https:

  • git://
  • ssh with [email protected]:path/to/repo.git
  • –depth 1 grabs the current file state and no history (handy for a build)

4 - Functionality

Git’s clone command automatically:

  • create the origin name,
  • creates a pointer to where its master branch is,
  • names it origin/master locally.
  • create a local master branch starting at the same place as origin’s master branch (where you will work to)

5 - Example

  • creates a directory named “directoryWhereIwantMyCheckoutData” (The default name is the name of the git file in the URL) ,
  • get the clone URL from the Web
git clone https://github.com/gerardnico/the-name-of-my-repository.git directoryWhereIwantMyCheckoutData
Cloning into 'directoryWhereIwantMyCheckoutData'...
remote: Counting objects: 77, done.
remote: Total 77 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 77
Unpacking objects: 100% (77/77), done.
Checking connectivity... done.

It will:

  • initializes a .git directory inside it,
  • pulls down all the data for that repository,
  • and checks out a working copy of the latest version.

6 - Documentation / Reference

code/version/git/clone.txt · Last modified: 2018/06/11 11:31 by gerardnico